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Musculoskeletal injuries

The largest class of athletic injuries sustained in sports. Any injury that occurs to a skeletal muscle, tendon, ligaments, joints or nerves is a musculoskeletal injury.

At the Sports Medicine Clinic at Children’s, we specialize in diagnosing and treating a range of musculosketal injuries, including:
• Sprains & Strains
• Overuse Injuries

Sprains & Strains
Sprain: a wrenching or twisting injury or tear to a ligament. Sprains often affect the ankles, knees, or wrists.
Strain: an injury to a muscle or tendon, and is often caused by overuse, force, or stretching

Sprains and strains are diagnosed by a physical examination that may involve X-rays. The Sports Medicine Clinic at Children’s has X-ray capability on site, eliminating the need for a separate visit to the radiology department.

Sprain/strain symptoms may include:
• Pain in the injured area
• Swelling in the injured area
• Difficulty using or moving the injured area in a normal manner
• Warmth, bruising, or redness in the injured area

Most sprains and strains typically heal quite quickly in children and adolescents. Specific treatment will be determined based on:
• Your child's age, overall health, and medical history
• Extent of the injury
• Your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
• Expectations for the course of the condition
• Your opinion or preference

Overuse injuries
Microtraumatic damage to a muscle, bone, or tendon that is repeatedly stressed and does not have time to heal naturally. The injury is called microtrauma because it may not appear on an X-ray.

Overuse injuries are classified in four stages:
• Pain in the affected area after physical activity
• Pain during the activity without restricting performance
• Pain during the activity with restricted performance
• Chronic pain that does not go away

The Sports Medicine Clinic at Children’s offers the experience and expertise to make an accurate diagnosis which will allow:
• More immediate development of a treatment plan
• A more rapid return to play
• A decreased chance of ongoing issues with injury